Here are answers to compare with yours. a. compare: show the similarities between two events,periods,ideas, theories, or the like. (Some people use compare to mean showing differences as well as similarities, so be careful.) b. contrast: show the differences between two or more events, periods, ideas, theories, or the like. c. define: state the meaning of a word or phrase. Example: Define science. d. describe: give the characteristics of something. Example: Describe the functions of the ATP/ADP systems. e. discuss: give the pros and cons on an issue, event, process, theory, or technique. Example: Discuss how DNA f. enumerate: list a number of reasons or attributes of something, Example: Enumerate the stages of mitosis. g. evaluate: make a judgment or form an opinion, or supply reasons why something is as it is; Example: Evaluate the effects of Jenner"s experiments with cowpox. h. explain: support or qualify a given generalization with specific facts and ideas. Example: Explain what is meant by the "scientific method." i. interpret: analyze critically or explain something not clear. j. prove or show: demonstrate the truth or a statement. Explain the reasons for events turning out as they did,or speculate on what might be the effects of certain causes Example: Show with diagrams how the eye is like a camera. 6. Write clearly and neatly. It would be foolhardy to antagonize the reader with lousy penmanship. 7. Go into detail that is on the subject and to the point. Be sure to include the obvious. Answer the question thoroughly. 8. If you cannot remember a word exactly, take a shot at it, get as close as you can. If you don't have a name for a concept, describe the concept. 9. Use a black ball point pen with dark ink. 10.Remember that no detail is too small to be included as long as it is to the point. 11.Carefully label your diagrams (they get no points otherwise) and place them in the text at the appropriate place-not detached at the end. Be sure to refer to the diagram in your essay. 12.Widen your margins a little. This will make the essay easier for most readers to read. 13.Bring a watch to the exam so that you can pace yourself. You have four essays with about 22 minutes for each answer. 14.Practice outlining your essay answers on your tests during the year. 15.Understand that the exam is written to be hard. The average will be about 50% correct, or 5 out of a possible 10 on an essay. It is very likely that you will not know everything. It is expected, so relax and write thorough answers.